Books  |    |  August 23, 2018

Artificial Intelligence Safety and Security

Book edited By Roman V. Yampolskiy.
Published by Chapman and Hall/CRC.
474 pages.

The history of robotics and artificial intelligence in many ways is also the history of humanity’s attempts to control such technologies. From the Golem of Prague to the military robots of modernity, the debate continues as to what degree of independence such entities should have and how to make sure that they do not turn on us, its inventors. Numerous recent advancements in all aspects of research, development and deployment of intelligent systems are well publicized but safety and security issues related to AI are rarely addressed. This book is proposed to mitigate this fundamental problem. It is comprised of chapters from leading AI Safety researchers addressing different aspects of the AI control problem as it relates to the development of safe and secure artificial intelligence. The book is the first edited volume dedicated to addressing challenges of constructing safe and secure advanced machine intelligence.

The chapters vary in length and technical content from broad interest opinion essays to highly formalized algorithmic approaches to specific problems. All chapters are self-contained and could be read in any order or skipped without a loss of comprehension.

Table of Contents

Part I Concerns of Luminaries

  • Why the Future Doesn’t Need Us — Bill Joy
  • The Deeply Intertwined Promise and Peril of GNR — Ray Kurzweil
  • The Basic AI Drives — Stephen M. Omohundro
  • The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence — Nick Bostrom and Eliezer Yudkowsky
  • Friendly Artificial Intelligence: The Physics Challenge — Max Tegmark
  • MDL Intelligence Distillation: Exploring Strategies for Safe Access to Superintelligent Problem-Solving Capabilities — K. Eric Drexler
  • The Value Learning Problem — Nate Soares
  • Adversarial Examples in the Physical World — Alexey Kurakin, Ian J. Goodfellow, and Samy Bengio
  • How Might AI Come About?: Different Approaches and Their Implications for Life in the Universe — David Brin
  • The MADCOM Future: How Artificial Intelligence Will Enhance Computational Propaganda, Reprogram Human Culture, and Threaten Democracy … and What can be Done About It — Matt Chessen
  • Strategic Implications of Openness in AI Development — Nick Bostrom

Part II Responses of Scholars

  • Using Human History, Psychology, and Biology to Make AI Safe for Humans — Gus Bekdash
  • AI Safety: A First-Person Perspective — Edward Frenkel
  • Strategies for an Unfriendly Oracle AI with Reset Button — Olle Häggström
  • Goal Changes in Intelligent Agents — Seth Herd, Stephen J. Read, Randall O’Reilly, and David J. Jilk
  • Limits to Verification and Validation of Agentic Behavior — David J. Jilk
  • Adversarial Machine Learning — Phillip Kuznetsov, Riley Edmunds, Ted Xiao, Humza Iqbal, Raul Puri, Noah Golmant, and Shannon Shih
  • Value Alignment via Tractable Preference Distance — Andrea Loreggia, Nicholas Mattei, Francesca Rossi, and K. Brent Venable
  • A Rationally Addicted Artificial Superintelligence — James D. Miller
  • On the Security of Robotic Applications Using ROS — David Portugal, Miguel A. Santos, Samuel Pereira, and Micael S. Couceiro
  • Social Choice and the Value Alignment Problem — Mahendra Prasad
  • Disjunctive Scenarios of Catastrophic AI Risk — Kaj Sotala
  • Offensive Realism and the Insecure Structure of the International System: Artificial Intelligence and Global Hegemony — Maurizio Tinnirello
  • Superintelligence and the Future of Governance: On Prioritizing the Control Problem at the End of History — Phil Torres
  • Military AI as a Convergent Goal of Self-Improving AI — Alexey Turchin and David Denkenberger
  • A Value-Sensitive Design Approach to Intelligent Agents — Steven Umbrello and Angelo F. De Bellis
  • Consequentialism, Deontology, and Artificial Intelligence Safety — Mark Walker
  • Smart Machines ARE a Threat to Humanity — Kevin Warwick

About the Author

Roman V. Yampolskiy is an Associate Professor in the department of Computer Engineering and Computer Science at the Speed School of Engineering, University of Louisville. He is the founding and current director of the Cyber Security Lab and an author of many books including Artificial Superintelligence: a Futuristic Approach.